Download A New Approach to Utilitarianism: A Unified Utilitarian by C.L. Sheng PDF

By C.L. Sheng

1.1 Utilitarian Theories This ebook is a monograph on ethical philosophy and social philosophy, rather the a part of the philosophy of economics that's with regards to the overall distribution challenge. It offers a finished moral thought, including an software of the speculation to distributive justice. the point of view of this thought is utilitarian. besides the fact that, this conception is assorted in a few the most important issues, in addition to in minor info, from all current sorts of utilitarianism. ethical philosophy bargains basically with the ethical judgment of activities, i. e., even if an ethical motion is correct or improper, reliable or undesirable. The judgment is generally in accordance with a line of logical reasoning, which are traced to a last cause referred to as the justification or final precept. a moral idea is a self-consistent procedure outfitted upon a uncomplicated, or final, precept. An final precept can by no means be conscientiously confirmed, and isn't distinctive. diverse philosophers determine various moral theories upon various ideas. consequently, within the heritage of improvement of ethical philosophy, there were a lot of moral theories and colleges. Even wi skinny an identical college having an identical final precept, diversified philosophers can have varied types of the speculation, as a result of small adaptations within the interpretation of the final word precept or within the elaboration of the details.

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Extra resources for A New Approach to Utilitarianism: A Unified Utilitarian Theory and Its Application to Distributive Justice

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By idealization is meant the assumption of nonexistence of these external minor factors and the omission of these internal minor factors. For the physical sciences and certain cases of the life sciences, this type of idealization is justified because experiments can be done on an isolated system so that the external minor factors may be actually eliminated and also because under certain conditions the effects of the omitted internal minor factors may be confined to a negligible degree. Now in the study of social, political and management sciences, the situation is very much different.

Therefore, the main concern is not only material value, as in the case of private enterprises, but is total utility for the people, which should include spiri tual values as well. This is similar to the decision-making of a person for moral actions involving spiri tual values. In spite of the subjective nature of value and the difficulty of comparison and weighting, one still has to make a decision. Similarly, a government has to make a decision for actions which involve spiritual values for the people and certainly it is a mistake to ignore spiritual values.

466-485. Philosophical Review, 20. R. B. Brandt, "Some Merits of One Form of Rule Utilitarianism," in ed. Samuel Gorovitz (Indianapolis, Indiana: The Bobbs- Merrill Company, 1971l, pp. 324-344. Richard B. Brant, "Toward a Credible Form of Utilitarianism," in Contemporary Utilitarianism, ed. Michael D. Bayles (Gloucester, Massachusetts: Peter Smith, 1978), pp. 143-186. See also R. B. Brandt, A Theory of the Good and the Right (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979). Hill: Utilitarianism, 21. R. G. Frey, "Introduction: Utilitarianism and Persons," in Utility ed.

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