Download Biopolymers Reuse, Recycling, and Disposal by Dr. Michael Niaounakis PDF

By Dr. Michael Niaounakis

Biopolymers Reuse, Recycling and Disposal is the 1st ebook overlaying all points of biopolymer waste administration and post-usage situations, embracing present applied sciences, purposes, and the habit of biopolymers in a variety of waste streams. The booklet investigates the advantages and weaknesses, social, fiscal and environmental affects, and regulatory points of every expertise. It covers varieties of recycling and degradation, in addition to existence cycle research, all supported via case reviews, literature references, and particular information regarding international patents. Patents in particular-comprising eighty% of released technical literature during this rising box, greatly scattered, and sometimes on hand in jap only-are a key resource of knowledge. Dr. Niaounakis attracts on disciplines akin to polymer technological know-how, administration, biology and microbiology, natural chemistry, environmental chemistry, and patent legislation to supply a reference advisor for engineers, scientists and different execs eager about the improvement and construction of biopolymers, waste administration, and recycling. this knowledge is additionally worthy for regulators, patent lawyers and teachers operating during this box.

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25). PEC is a biodegradable amorphous polymer with a Tg of 15e25 C, and it exhibits elastomeric characteristics at ambient temperature. Extruded films of PEC have high oxygen barrier properties that make it useful as a barrier layer for food packaging applications. PEC has also been found to decompose cleanly at lower temperatures, both in nitrogen and in air, than most other commercial polymers. Empower Materials Inc. commercializes QPACÒ 25, a PEC, which is used as binder or sacrificial material.

PEC is a biodegradable amorphous polymer with a Tg of 15e25 C, and it exhibits elastomeric characteristics at ambient temperature. Extruded films of PEC have high oxygen barrier properties that make it useful as a barrier layer for food packaging applications. PEC has also been found to decompose cleanly at lower temperatures, both in nitrogen and in air, than most other commercial polymers. Empower Materials Inc. commercializes QPACÒ 25, a PEC, which is used as binder or sacrificial material.

9 Commercially available bio-polyamides (Continued ) Biopolymer Commercial name Ò Manufacturer Applications PA 610 Hiprolon 70 series Suzhou Hipro Polymers (CN) Monofilament, industrial parts with high heat resistance and extrusion tubing product PA 612 HiprolonÒ 90 series Suzhou Hipro Polymers (CN) Monofilament and other industrial parts with different compounding process Longchain PA HiprolonÒ 11 Suzhou Hipro Polymers (CN) Auto fuel lines, air brake tubing, cable sheathing Long-chain PA HiprolonÒ 211 Suzhou Hipro Polymers (CN) Auto fuel lines, air brake tubing, cable sheathing PPA RilsanÒ HT Arkema (FR) Flexible tubing, injection molding PPA Grivory HT3 EMS-GRIVORY (DE) Electronic connector applications PPA VESTAMIDÒ HT plus Evonik (DE) Material for housings of pumps and filter systems or for use in vehicles in the vicinity of the engine, as in the charge air duct PA 1010: Polyamide 1010; produced from 1,10-decamethylene diamine (castor oil derivative) and sebacic acid (both derived from castor oil).

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