Download Clinical Physiology of Sleep by Ralph Lydic (auth.), Ralph Lydic, Julien F. Biebuyck (eds.) PDF

By Ralph Lydic (auth.), Ralph Lydic, Julien F. Biebuyck (eds.)

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Boston: Little, Brown, 1958, p. 277-290. 25. JOUVET, M. The role ofmonoamines and acetylcholine containing neurons in the regulation of the sleep-waking cycle. Ergeb. Physiol. 64: 166-307,1972. 26. , AND G. P. MOORE. Interspike-interval fluctuations in Aplysia pacemaker neurons. Biophys. J. 6: 411-434, 1966. 27. KATZUNG, B. G. Automaticity in cardiac cells. Life Sci. 23: 1309-1316, 1978. 28. KLEITMAN, N. Sleep and Wakefulness as Alternating Phases in the Cycle of Existence. Chicago, IL: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1939.

Sleep has been studied in 14 of the 18 orders of placental mammals, in the marsupials, and in one monotreme. With the exception of dolphins and the echidna, where no signs of PS were found, NREM sleep and PS were present in all species. For some species, spectral analysis of the EEG has allowed us to describe the three vigilance states according to their frequency distribution (Fig. 1A). 0 Hz) exceed those of REM sleep and wakefulness by one order of magnitude. a-Activity is most prominent in REM sleep and wakefulness 23 SLEEP EVOLUTION TABLE 1.

Bloom. Bethesda, MD: Am. Physiol. , 1986, sect 1, vol. IV, chapt. 9, p. 463-524. 13. FRANCIOSI, R. A. A hypothesis: sudden infant death syndrome is a disorder of entrainment. Med. Hypotheses 22:443-446, 1987. 14. FRIESEN, O. , and G. D. BLOCK. What is a biological oscillator? Am. J. Physiol. 246 (Regulatory Integrative Compo Physiol. 15): R847-R851, 1984. 15. GALLISTEL, C. R. The Organization of Action: A New Synthesis. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1980. 16. GEORGE, C. , AND M. H. KRYGER. Sleep and control of heart rate.

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